Home » Eagle: Aztecs, Mayas and Conquistadores
Mexico is one of Latin America's most vibrant and entertaining destinations, with a huge diversity of historical, cultural and natural attractions. Lose yourself in the superb museums and teeming plazas of the megapolis Mexico City, wander the cobbled streets and soak up the Spanish colonial features of Oaxaca, Campeche and Mérida. Explore the glorious ancient monuments which lay hidden, smothered and silent for centuries amid the deep valleys and jungles of the south, before ending your trip in the lush Yucatán Peninsula, fringed by white sand beaches.
Duration: 15 Days
If you are arriving on an international flight you will be met at the airport by the tour leader or one of our local representatives and accompanied to your hotel. Mexico City, known by the local people simply as ‘DF' (Distrito Federal), was built on the site of Tenochtotlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire, and it lies at 2,250m above sea level. Vast, chaotic and vibrant, this sprawling megapolis of more than 20 million people has a multitude of attractions.
Today you visit the famous Museum of Anthropology, one of the world's finest, housing remarkable displays of Aztec artefacts alongside crafts and tools from other ancient civilisations. It's a fantastic introduction to the superb and sometimes grisly artistic achievements of Mexico's early inhabitants.
Head out into the countryside towards the megalithic archaeological site of Teotihuacán. Teotihuacán dates from the time of Christ and was once one of the largest cities in the world. It is hugely influential in the historic narrative of modern Mexico and, although it had already been abandoned by the time of the Aztecs, even this great empire held it in awe. Stroll along the imposing Avenue of the Dead leading to the vast Pyramid of the Sun, and take the opportunity to climb its vertiginous, ancient steps for a panorama of both the ruins and surrounding countryside.
Your day begins in Mexico City's colossal main square (or zócalo), with visits to the cathedral and to see Diego Rivera's impassioned murals in the National Palace, which depict episodes in the country's history. Later you have the opportunity to make an optional visit to the arty quarter of Coyoacán, on the outskirts of Mexico City, where Spanish conqueror Cortés set up one of his many homes. It is a colourful collection of colonial buildings, plazas, former mansions and museums. Visit the former studio of artist Frida Kahlo, with a touching display of her life and work, along with her relationship with both fellow artist Diego Riviera and Russian/Ukranian radical Trotsky, and continue to the museum Anahuacalli, which was built by Diego Rivera to showcase his collection of 60,000 pre-Hispanic artefacts.
You may prefer to opt for a guided tour taking you 10km south to the floating gardens of Xochimilco, which since Aztec times has been a major source of fruit and vegetables for the city. It is famous for its colourful gondola style punts known as 'trajineras' sometimes accompanied by mariachi bands who serenade you as you drift along.
Leave the capital and travel south-east by road towards the southern highlands and the city of Oaxaca. En route you break the journey in Puebla, the most Spanish of Mexican cities, with its hundreds of churches and thousands of colonial buildings, many adorned with hand-painted tiles.
In the afternoon you will travel into the remote, rugged sierras and reach the city of Oaxaca. The population in this area is still dominated by Zapotec and Mixtec indians, while the town has many examples of well-preserved colonial architecture, some fine museums and a thriving artistic community, as well as a wonderful climate.
You’ll head out of town to visit the nearby archaeological site at Monte Albán, a Zapotec ceremonial centre. Strategically located on an artificially levelled hill where 3 valleys meet, the site has superb views over the surrounding area. There is time to explore the strange carvings, burial chambers and temples.
Your excursion continues to Mitla; a name that translates as 'place of the dead'. Here you can explore the pre-Columbian ruins of four great palaces, their impressive mosaics and bas reliefs, many of which remain incredibly well preserved.
A walking tour is organised so you can explore this historical town. The peace and quiet of the cobbled streets is a welcome contrast to the busy capital and there is time to wander around at your leisure as well; relax in the zócalo with a margarita, and snack on chapulin, the local delicacy of fried grasshoppers, or sample some of the other excellent cuisine for which the town is famed.
Fly to Tuxtla Gutierrez, via Mexico City and continue by road to the town of San Cristóbal de las Casas (2 hrs). En route there is a stop at the Sumidero Canyon; this is a geological fault where the cliffs tower above at over 900m. The canyon is considered important in the region and features on the coat of arms of the state of Chiapas.
San Cristóbal is a town of atmospheric streets, with a sprawling handicrafts market, bohemian cafés and hilltop churches. It is a heady mixture of wonderful colonial, baroque and neoclassical architecture, and indigenous culture and influences.
A short drive away is San Juan Chamula, a small indigenous village with an adobe church. Entering its wooden doors is like passing into another world; local people clad in traditional blue tops weave through a forest of candles and Coca Cola bottle lids that cover the floor, performing mysterious rites amid a dense fog of incense and accompanied by incessant murmuring.
From here there may be time to visit the neighbouring village of Zinancantán, where local men wear bright red tasselled jackets and women a distinctive blue shawl.
This morning you’ll head north by bus, passing through highland forests and coffee plantations, before descending along a winding road out towards the Lácandon rainforest. As the journey progresses the air becomes more humid and there is a break for a refreshing dip in the clear blue water pool and waterfalls at Agua Azul (currently this is off limits due to roadblocks) and Misol Há. You arrive in Palenque in the evening (the journey time is approximately 5 hours, not including stops).
An early start today allows a chance to explore Palenque in the cool of the morning before the other visitors arrive. Perched on the edge of the foothills and surrounded by dense jungle vegetation, Palenque is perhaps the most beautifully situated of the classical Mayan sites. A maze-like palace and the impressive stepped Temple of the Inscriptions dominate; deep inside the latter there is a crypt containing the sarcophagus of Palenque's greatest ruler, Lord Pacal.
Discovered in 1952, the sarcophagus dates back to AD683. The great pyramids of the Maya were usually used as platforms from which to worship the gods, so this pharaoh-style burial is untypical. Exploring the ruins which emerge from the steamy rainforest, you feel as if you are discovering them yourself for the first time. Take some moments to wander off and be alone; it can be mystical experience.
Your journey continues northwards overland to the Gulf of Mexico and Unesco World Heritage city Campeche (5hrs). The city is rightfully proud of its status and has done much to restore and reconstruct its colonial heart, and along with the many Spanish built mansions that remain, there are still parts of the original city walls standing. A boulevard runs along the promenade which skirts the Gulf of Mexico, offering amazing sunsets as the clouds roll in across the sea.
North-east of Campeche lies the archaeological site of Uxmal, dominated by the majestic Pyramid of the Magician, alongside which is an elegant nunnery quadrangle with Puuc-style complex stonework pieced together like a jigsaw puzzle. Strolling through the ruins, cradled in dense vegetation shading the visitor from the scorching sun is a magical experience.
From Uxmal it’s a drive of just 80km to the capital of the Yucatán state, Mérida. Today, Mérida retains a lovely colonial centre, with a mix of opulent and crumbly buildings but it is a modern, bustling, thriving city, with lots of local character, some excellent places to eat and good shops and markets. The inhabitants, descendants of the Mayans and the colonists, love a good fiesta, and you may well find one going on, with live music and market stalls, while you are there.
For wildlife enthusiasts, an optional trip to Celestún can be arranged. Set in the middle of a wildlife sanctuary, this area abounds with resident and migratory waterfowl, with flamingoes being the main attraction. Combine some bird spotting with a stroll down the white-sand beach which stretches north from here for kilometres.
Alternatively you may prefer to spend a day at leisure, exploring the busy, cobbled streets of colonial Mérida, and browsing for souvenirs from the excellent selection of cotton handicrafts and jewellery (the town is known for its hammocks).
From Mérida you are driven to Chichén Itzá (1.5 hrs), the grandest of all the Mayan sites, dominated by the huge, symmetrical, stepped El Castillo pyramid. The origins of the site are mysterious, and appear to have Toltec as well as Mayan influences. It has the largest and best-preserved ball court in the Americas; the venue for an ancient ritual game that was played throughout the continent, but which is still not fully understood.
Archaeologists have not been able to determine whether the losers or winners were decapitated, but judging from the gory carvings along the base of the court’s walls, someone certainly came to an unpleasant end. There is also a huge sacred well, the Cenote Sagrado, which was used for ritual purposes. Offerings (jade, gold and human) have been retrieved from its depths. Accommodation is a short walk from the site and in the evening there is the option to return to the ruins for the Sound and Light Show.
After breakfast, you will depart from Cancun on your own arrangements and onwards to your next adventure!
|28 Oct 2019 - 11 Nov 2019||$3210 USD pp||Contact us|
|18 Dec 2019 - 01 Jan 2020||$3210 USD pp||Contact us|
|Mexico City||Zocalo Central Hotel|
|Oaxaca||Hostal de La Noria|
|San Cristobal||Casa Vieja|
|Campeche||Hotel Plaza Campeche|
|Merida||Casa del Balam|
|Chichen Itza||Hotel Mayaland & Bungalows|
This tour operates with a minimum of 4 and a maximum of 20 passengers. The minimum age is 12 years. Hotels are subject to change due to availability.